- Material :
- Made from CPLA
- Crystalized PLA. Patented by NatureWorks under Ingeo™ brand
- 100% Biodegradable & Compostable
- Colour Availability: White and Black
- Lid Dimension: 80mmØ
- 1000 Lids per Carton
- 20 Sleeve per Carton
- 50 Lids per Sleeve
- Carton Dimension: 43 cm (L) x 35 cm (W) x 24.5 cm (H)
- Weight of Carton: 3.7 kgs
- Fits : 250ml BioCups, Bamboo Paper Cups & Recyclable Paper Cups
- Certified 100% Biodegradable
- Fully Compostable
- Made from FSC compliant paper.
- CPLA lids are made from crystalized PLA – CPLA. PLA is patented by NatureWorks under the Ingeo™ brand. We strictly follow their supply chain to ensure no meddling in raw materials.
1. Bio-based plastics are more sustainable than petroleum-based polymers.
They are made from renewable plant-based resources like sugar cane, cornstarch and wheat. In the U.S. alone, 200 000 barrels of oil are used daily to make plastic, which could be eliminated by using sustainable bio-plastic.
2. The manufacturing of bio-based plastic like PLA is more fuel-efficient than oil-based plastic.
PLA requires 65% less energy to make than its petroleum-based counterpart.
3. The correct treatment of a bio-based plastic at the end of its life cycle is crucial.
Bio-based plastics like PLA require commercial composting facilities to break down. Although a product may be biodegradable or compostable does not mean that it will degrade in the environment. Biodegradable products require the correct conditions of heat, water and light to degrade.
4. Biodegradable plastic products produce 68% less greenhouse gas emissions than oil-based plastic products.
Biodegradables produce less pollution when manufactured and break down into organic components, which are safe for our water and air.
5. Biodegradable does not necessarily mean compostable.
Biodegradable plastics are made from the same material as petroleum-based plastic with additional chemicals that cause it to break down quicker. However, some biodegradable plastics fragment without disintegrating completely and can pollute the soil, air and waterways, as well as pose a risk to animals. They cannot be recycled. On the other hand, compostable bio-based plastics like PLA are made from plant-based sources and break down into organic components that do not leave toxic residues.
6. Composting bio-based plastic can turn trash into rich, humic material.
This can improve water and nutrient retention and help grow healthier plants with less need for chemical fertilizers.
Compostable means that material is certified according to the European standards EN 13432 (packaging) and EN 14995 (products) and is composted in industrial plants. In most cases biodegradable plastics will only degrade in industrial composting plants under specific conditions, because compostability or biodegradability does not automatically mean that a product will degrade in any environment.
Degradation is dependent on factors such as temperature, time, humidity and the presence of bacteria and fungi in the specific environment. These factors can be controlled only in industrial composting plants. Nevertheless some products might be suitable for home composting. Even though a European standard for home composting does not yet exist, there are a few standards on national level already in place. Two examples for home composting labels are:
Composting of bio-based plastics only makes sense for specific applications where recycling is too difficult, for instance, because the packaging is highly contaminated with organic residues. An example where composting makes sense is the use of tea bags. To seal tea bags, most tea bags consist of 20-30% of the fossil plastic PP (polypropylene). These tea bags often end up in the composting bin, although they are not compostable. By replacing the PP with PLA the tea bag becomes fully industrially compostable.
PLA – Polylactic Acid
PLA is a polyester synthesized from lactic acid or lactide monomers, which are produced by the fermentation of crops like corn, wheat, beet, potatoes, sugar cane and tapioca. It is biodegradable and compostable, although it is generally not suitable for home composting. Under industrial composting conditions, PLA can take 3-4 months to be composted.
Most PLA packaging produced is rigid and is used in cups and trays, although flexible packaging is also becoming available (straws, bags etc). Although biodegradable and compostable, it’s important to remember that PLA plastics are not marine degradable, nor are they recyclable. In fact, if thrown out with recycling, PLA can be extremely problematic in contaminating the recycling stream.
With applications somewhere between that of PET and polystyrene, PLA is an earth-friendly, non-toxic option for cold food containers, smoothie cups and straws. PLA can also be crystallized to form harder versions for applications such as coffee cup lids and PLA utensils.
Biodegradable CPLA is a mixture of lactide and aliphatic polyesters. It can be either a hard plastic or a soft flexible one depending on the amount of aliphatic polyester present in the mixture. CPLA is made by copolymerising lactide (made by fermenting cornstarch, cheese whey, etc.) with aliphatic polyester (e.g dicarboxylic acid or glycol made from fermentation of glycerol). All are renewable resources.
Possible applications will include compost bags, cushioning materials, food wrapping materials, food packaging, fishing nets, etc. It is easy to process with stability up to 200 °C.
Disposal: If incinerated, no toxic substances are generated. The heating value and carbon dioxide generated during combustion are lower, by almost half the level, of that generated by PE or PS.
Although CPLA has a high molecular weight and high melting-point, it begins breaking down into a low-molecular weight polymer, in natural environments, after 5-6 months. Complete decomposition after 12 months. When composted with food garbage, it begins breaking down into a low-molecular weight after 2 weeks.